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Open Access Research

An efficient solution to sparse linear prediction analysis of speech

Vahid Khanagha* and Khalid Daoudi

Author Affiliations

, INRIA Bordeaux Sud-Ouest (GeoStat team), 200 Avenue de la Vielle Tour 33405 Talence, France

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EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing 2013, 2013:3  doi:10.1186/1687-4722-2013-3

Published: 22 January 2013

Abstract

We propose an efficient solution to the problem of sparse linear prediction analysis of the speech signal. Our method is based on minimization of a weighted l2-norm of the prediction error. The weighting function is constructed such that less emphasis is given to the error around the points where we expect the largest prediction errors to occur (the glottal closure instants) and hence the resulting cost function approaches the ideal l0-norm cost function for sparse residual recovery. We show that the efficient minimization of this objective function (by solving normal equations of linear least squares problem) provides enhanced sparsity level of residuals compared to the l1-norm minimization approach which uses the computationally demanding convex optimization methods. Indeed, the computational complexity of the proposed method is roughly the same as the classic minimum variance linear prediction analysis approach. Moreover, to show a potential application of such sparse representation, we use the resulting linear prediction coefficients inside a multi-pulse synthesizer and show that the corresponding multi-pulse estimate of the excitation source results in slightly better synthesis quality when compared to the classical technique which uses the traditional non-sparse minimum variance synthesizer.